Why does Scotland have earls while England has dukes?  It is partly because Scotland was never conquered by the Normans. The word earl is derived from the Anglo-Saxon, a branch of the Germanic languages.  The Scandinavian cognate is jarl.  Scotland never had to cope with all these Norman nobles - dukes and counts - whose titles were of Latin origin (dux and comes) and who - after1066 -...
Scotland flag - the saltire Made In Scotland. For Scotland.
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